Living beings and resilience

In ecology, resilience is defined as the capacity of an ecosystem to respond to disturbances, both by resisting damage and by rapidly recovering from it. This capacity is the result of several factors and actors. For example, there are numerous plant species that contribute to absorb, accumulate and degrade contaminants present in their environment, or to fertilize the soil by fixing nitrogen. On the other hand, several species of animals participate with actions such as dispersing seeds, removing and aerating the soil, controlling pests, or even by being great survivors.