Terrariums: Indoor microgardens

Terrariums are the perfect choice for indoor spaces; they allow us to introduce some external beauty to a limited space.


An excellent idea for decorating and adding life to any space, a terrarium is a small garden in a glass container. Inside the terrarium,you can achieve the necessary environmental conditions for a small garden, which also does not require much maintenance.

Photography: Luisi Icaza


The materials to make your terrarium are very easy to acquire, any gardening store should have everything you will need:

  • Light potting soil
  • Rocks or gravel
  • Activated carbon
  • Moss or peat moss
  • Glass container
  • Extra decoration

Photography: Luisi Icaza

Start deep cleaning the container, especially if it was used before. Clean with plenty of water and soap, antibacterial soap if possible.


A glass container is recommended for the terrarium, you can reuse an old container or buy a new one in decorating stores.

The container can be as simple as a fishbowl, a light bulb, or one specially made for growing plants.

When you look for the container you must remember: the more closed the container is, its ability to retain the necessary humidity will be better.

Photography: Luisi Icaza


The harmony between the species you choose is important. Although almost all types of plants can live in a terrarium; ferns, mosses, succulents and cacti are recommended.

Choose a plant that stays small, one that prefers shade or needs very little sunlight; and can tolerate high humidity, as it can increase rapidly.

Photography: Luisi Icaza


Mix the rocks or gravel with the carbon and place them in the bottomof the container.

This layer helpsto drain the excess of water, preventing the contact between the roots and stagnant water.




Photography: Luisi Icaza

Place a layer of moss or peat moss on top, this layer will prevent the soil from joining the gravel, also it retains moisture.

Thanks to this layer, different texturesand colors inside the terrarium are created; it is a nice decorative touch.




Photography: Luisi Icaza

Place the soil on top, this must be the biggest layer, its thickness will depend on the size of the terrarium and the plants.

It is advisable to mix the soil with vermiculite because it helps to retain water and creates porosity for successful plant growth.




Photography: Luisi Icaza

Dig small holes in the soil where you will place the plants.

Remove the plant from its container, slightly shake its roots to remove the excess of dirt so it can adapt to the new environment.

Place the plant in the hole and cover its base gently with more soil.



Photography: Luisi Icaza

Add decoration, some recommended items arestones, small figurines, shells or aquarium decorations.

Water the terrarium lightly until the stones onthe bottom are slightly wet.

Watering depends on the type of plants you use and the container. Open containers will need a more water than more closed ones.



Photography: Luisi Icaza


It is important to check the terrarium regularly, put it in a place where you have enough light.

Glass amplifies light; so you must not choose a place where the light hits directly. Keep plants clean, free of weeds, fungi or diseased plants.

Ask your local garden center for important details about how it can affect the species, and special plant recommendations.

Good luck and start working!